Articles, Tips, Definitions
ASP — Application Service Provider
An ASP makes business software applications available
on a subscription basis to other businesses.
Bookmark or Favorite Place
A browser tool that stores web site URLs, allowing
you to visit the site again with just one click.
A software program that displays web pages. Microsoft
Internet Explorer (IE), Mozilla, Netscape, and
AOL are the most popular browsers.
The version or release number of the browser software,
such as IE 7.0 or Mozilla 6.0.
An electronic message center that usually serves
a specific interest group. Bulletin Boards allow
you to read and post messages.
Compare to Threaded Discussion Board below.
CGI — Common Gateway Interface
CGI allows web pages to interact with programming
applications, commonly used for form responses.
Chat or Chat Room
A live online forum where users can communicate
instantly with each other.
Compare to Bulletin Board and Threaded Discussion
The action of clicking the left mouse button when
the cursor is over an object. Most web page items
operate with one click.
A dedicated server is a computer that only runs
one web site, or one company's web sites. Typically
used for web sites that have high traffic.
Similar to a search engine, but containing web
site information audited and/or edited by staff
members or volunteers. Yahoo and DMOZ.org are
examples of directories.
Compare with Search Engine, Pay Per Click Directory
DNS — Domain Name System
Since 1984, the registration and indexing of text
names used to access the IP address of web sites.
Domain Names are stored in databases on a system
of DNS servers, which are updated with new records
and changes on a regular schedule.
The text string used to locate your web site, "www.awebsite.com",
for example. Must be registered through a Registrar
and renewed annually. » Domain Name
Compare to IP Address, Subdomain, Pointer Domain
To transfer a file from a remote computer or web
server to your computer using a file transfer
Transactions between businesses (B2B) or between
businesses and customers (B2C) using the Internet.
Email, Electronic Mai
Invented in 1972, one of the first standard Internet
protocols, allowing users to communicate despite
having different operating systems. Electronic
Mail Messages are received and held by a mail
server or by an Internet service provider until
the recipient logs on to collect the mail.
Sometimes called a forwarding account, this type
of Email address allows you to have an address
that forwards the messages to your real Email
Email POP Address
An actual Email box located on the server for which
the address is made. When Email is sent to a
real POP account, the mail is stored on the server
until the user logs and downloads it.
An Internet based connection between a business
and its suppliers, distributors, and partners,
not open to the general public.
Filter, Filtering Software
A program that blocks unapproved material, such
as pornography, from being accessed from an individual
computer or network system.
A level of security between the Internet and internal
computer resources. A firewall can be a combination
of passwords, authentication techniques, software,
FTP — File Transfer Protocol
A standard of uploading and downloading files using
HTML — HyperText Markup Language
The code language used to create and display web
pages. HyperText refers to the marked (underlined
and/or colored) text and graphical links that
allow you to navigate through web pages.
ICANN — Internet Corporation for
Assigned Names and Numbers
An organization charged with administration of
Internet technical functions, encouraging competition
among domain name registrars and resolution of
domain name ownership issues.
Compare to Registrar
Describes the worldwide network of computers. The
World Wide Web is a part of the Internet; it
is a network of Internet servers that are serve
up web pages coded in HTML. When you connect
to the Internet via a computer, you become part
Internal private network that use the same types
of hardware, software, and connections as the
The original domain name licensing authority for
the United States. When competition was enforced
November 1999, they were required to share their
database and registry services with anyone who
qualified as a Registrar. ICANN is the newly
appointed organization that oversees domain name
IP addresses, together with domain names are the
two forms of Internet addresses in common use.
IP addresses are numeric codes that identify
specific computers and directories, and consist
of four numbers between 0 and 255, separated
ISP — Internet Service Provider
The company that provides your connect to the Internet.
Access may be dial-up or dedicated lines, and
typically charge a monthy fee. Examples are AOL,
Earthlink, and MSN.
Java is a general programming language suited for
use on the World Wide Web. It is relatively simple,
yet powerful and works across many operating
source code on the web page.
An operating system (OS) is the basic structure
on which your computer runs. The most common
operating systems used on Web servers are FreeBSD
(UNIX), Windows®, Linux, and Solaris.
PERL — Popular Extraction and Report
A common programming language used for creating
interactive Web Sites.
A standard data transfer "language" that lets computers
exchange information. File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
and Internet Protocol (IP) are examples.
A company or organization that registers domain
names. There are about 25 registrars globally.
ICANN is the governing body for Registrars.
Search Engine web sites display results of "robots" or "spiders," which
are automated software programs designed to "crawl" through
web sites recording keywords and calculating which
web sites return the best results for various search
terms. AltaVista, Google, HotBot, and WebCrawler
are examples of search engines.
Compare to Directories, Pay Per Click Sites.
SMTP or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
The protocol used to send mail between servers
and to send mail from your computer to a mail
Spam is online "junk mail": E-mail promotions or
advertisements sent to people who have not asked
for it. GetNetSmartSM hosting servers do not permit
Spam, and GetNetSmartSM Email services do not send
SSL — Secure Sockets Layer
A common Internet security method to encrypt data
during transmission. SSL works through a server
certificate that authenticates the domain. The
certifying authority, Verisign or Equifax, for
example, certify the transmission is encrypted
Compare to Secure Server Certificate below.
UNIX is a popular opertaing system often used on
web servers, developed at Bell Labs in the early
URL — Uniform Resource Locator
The full text string Internet Address of a web
site or web page, for example, http://www.getnetsmart.com
is the URL for this web site, and http://www.getnetsmart.com/archives/web_gen_terms.htm
is the URL for this web page.
TCP/IP — Transport Control Protocol/Internet
Set of common standards that are used on the Internet
to regulate data transmission and interpretation.
To transfer a file from your computer to a remote
computer or web server using a transfer protocol.
See Browser, above.
Any one particular page that is located on the
World Wide Web.
Compare to Web Site.
A computer on the World Wide Web (connected to
the Internet Backbone) that stores HTML documents,
graphics, and data that can be retrieved via
a web browser.
A location on the World Wide Web containing a related
group of interlinked web pages.
Compare to Web Page.
World Wide Web
The segment of the Internet which is formatted
using HTML and accessible via web browsers.
A programming script that has the ability to alter
files on your computer, reproduce itself and
infect other programs or disks.
A method compressing files for faster transfer
from one computer to another. Also used to describe
the zipped files (.zip extension).
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